The bench rebate, or rabbet, plane is a bench jack plane with a blade modified for cutting rebates. With metal bench rebate planes, the blade extends the full width of the sole, whereas wooden bench rebate planes have an angled blade breaking through the body on one side.
Purpose-built rebate, rabbet, or fillister planes are also available with metal or wooden bodies. The metal rebate plane is particularly useful for the craftsman working constantly on rebates and fillisters up to 1.5" wide. It is made of cast iron, with two fence arms and two positions for the cutter - the normal position, where it is fully adjustable, and the bull nose position, where it has to be adjusted by hand before the lever cap is tightened.
The plane is fitted with a steel spur which severs the top fibers before the blade when cutting across the grain. The fence can be set across the cutter to limit its width, or it can be transferred to the left-hand side. Sometimes, this plane is called a moving fillister. With the fence removed, it can be used as a simple square plane. One version has a single fence arm and a lever-type cutter adjuster.
Wooden rebate planes are made of beech, with a wedged cutter and steel striking knob, which is the only departure from the traditional style. To improve cutting, the plane is fitted with an adjustable front shoe which allows the mouth to be set accurately. Improved handling is obtained when a curved block is set immediately behind the cutter.
The stop rebate plane, sometimes called the chisel plane, is a further refinement from the same manufacturer. It is cut off a the mouth so that the cutter extends in front of the body, making it possible to work right into the corner of a rebate or stopped chamfer. The plane is made of white beech and the cutter is held by a wooden wedge.
Whenever a housing or groove has been cut slightly too narrow, the unschooled worker will resort to using a chisel to cut the sides until the panel fits. This can be disastrous, because great care must be taken to avoid overcutting or uneven cutting.
The side rebate plane is designed to eliminate this hazard. The plane illustrated here has two cutters which enable the plane to be worked in either direction, but they have no adjustment screws and have to be set eye to eye. The plane can be converted to a side chisel or side bull nose plane by removing the nose pieces.
The plough plane is an essential tool for every serious woodworker. It is so simple to set up, that it is often faster to use than it is to assemble the supposedly quicker router or routing machine.
The traditional plough plane is made of wood and built in the style of those used in the nineteenth century. Usually, it is supplied with six cutters which are held in place with a beech wedge in a beech body. It is fitted with a steel depth gauge. The fence is adjustable along two fence arms made of pearwood and is firmly fixed at any distance up to 5" from the blade.
The combination plane is more advanced and not only offers all the features of the plough plane but has tonguing and beading cutters as well, making eighteen cutters in all. Spurs are provided on the body and sliding section to sever the fibers before the blade when making cuts across the grain. The plane has a bead stop to cut beads on tongued stock.